Saturday, December 4, 2010

Flood Disaster

When we flashback to the year 2008, in early January, a natural disaster was happened in many areas around Bengawan Solo river, especially in east java. Tuban, was one of the victim of flood disaster. At the moment, the leeves were collapse and water from the longest river in java, flew and fill the nearby settlement. The water rise up about 30cm and in some areas was about 1m or might be more. Some people rescued into the safety area and also their livestock, like goats and cows. And some others keep stayed in their home. The dried road, green paddy fields had change becoming a wide pool. There was only water existed. But, it was happened. Hopefully that painful experience wouldn't come again. The governmen had been done to finish their project to build a levee that sturdy enough to prevent the flowing of water. Read More..

Spotted Munia Flock

by : K. Hevarina/2010

The sunset time, every single bird with their flock or just by its self are moving back to their "home". Months ago, i watched them in front of a Department store parking area. at that time, they had been perching in a palm tree .

A few days ago, i watched them in my neighbour's mango tree, a big and shade one.
I heard some noisy birdling and i guest it was come from Estriltidae (Family). Yes, i was right, that they are.

A huge flock i though, it might be hundreds bird flight aim to the vegetation. It doesn't clearly what the species is. But one of them i knew is Lonchura punctulata or spotted munia (Indonesia=Bondol peking). It doesn't need a long time till they felt pleasant at their bed and simply quite.
Read More..

Birds in Color

by : K.Hevarina/2010

well, what do you think about the picture above?
or you have done to identified what the species is?

let me help you, if you answer it is the Estrildidae family, you doing closer. Then if the final answer is Lonchura genus, you are right. Here they are, trapped in the mobile cage. So, the next question, what are they for inside?

Lonchura genus, such as Lonchura leucogastroides (javan munia; Indonesia : Bondol jawa), Lonchura punctulata (spotted munia; Indonesia : Bondol peking), and Lonchura maja (White-headed munia; Indonesia: Bondol haji) are the paddy feeder, and being the enemy for farmers. People thought, it is legal to caught those birds uncounted.

In other area, this kind of bird are being the food that served in dining and even in a restaurant. Other people sell the birds as a pet. To make the consumers more interested, especially the children as the main selling target, they paint the bird's body into red, yellow, orange, or green. Then, they sell it around the town. And to facilitate the buyers they also sell the cage in a packet.
Read More..

Tuesday, November 2, 2010

Zero-Two Thousands Expedition

07.00 WIB 10 Oktober 2010. Sujud syukur di puncak Gunung Ungaran (2050 mdpl) dan senyum yang mengembang dari bibir Kang Bas (Haliasterian II) menandai pencapaian cita-cita luhur segenap Haliasterian selama ini. Obsesi yang terdengar GILA bagi sebagian besar orang, sekalipun itu bagi anak-anak pecinta alam. Ya, akhirnya setelah berkali-kali mengalami penundaan akhirnya hari yang dinanti-nanti itu tiba. ZERO TWO THUSANDS EXPEDITION IS DONE!!!

8-9 Oktober 2010 mungkin akan dikenang sebagai hari yang bersejarah bagi Haliaster. Sebagai salah satu kegiatan peringatan 21 tahun hari tetasnya, tujuh Haliasterian dari berbagai angkatan berhasil menciptakan prestasi di kalangan pecinta alam khususnya pecinta alam dengan background mahasiswa. Bahwa belum pernah tercatat sebelumnya, organisasi pecinta alam mahasiswa, khususnya Semarang atau bahkan di Indonesia yang melakukan pendakian gunung dari titik nol (baca: laut) dan berhasil mencapai puncak. Kita pernah mendengar sebelumnya bahwa pendakian gunung dari titik 0 mdpl hanya pernah dilakukan oleh TNI dan pecinta alam Wanadri yang notabene adalah organisasi pecinta alam tertua di Indonesia.

Pendakian yang tidak biasa memang. Mengambil start dari bibir Pantai Maron Semarang, perjalanan dimulai. Beragam medan dan kondisi cuaca menghampiri tim inti yang terdiri dari tujuh Haliasterian (Kang Bas Haliaster II, Doel Haly XII, Deni, Doni, dan Teguh Haly XVIII, Roma dan Nanang Haly XIX) dan dua partisipan dari Green Community Unnes Semarang (Falik dan Fajar). Tim inti merupakan tim yang melakukan seluruh perjalanan mulai dari titik 0 mdpl (Pantai Maron) hingga mencapai puncak tertinggi Gunung Ungaran (2050 mdpl) dengan leader Kang Bas.

Kita patut bangga bahwa di usia Haliaster yang ke 21, kita masih bisa eksis dan survive apalagi jika melihat embel-embel sebagai organisasi kemahasiswaan dimana turnover kepengurusan berjalan cepat silih berganti dan adanya conflict of interest sebagai mahasiswa yang notabene tugas utamanya adalah belajar dan pilihan menjadi "aktivis" pecinta alam.
Read More..

Sunday, October 31, 2010

What is Mesothelioma?

Mesothelioma, more precisely malignant mesothelioma, is a rare form of cancer that develops from the protective lining that covers many of the body's internal organs, the mesothelium. It is usually caused by exposure to asbestos. Its most common site is the pleura (outer lining of the lungs and internal chest wall), but it may also occur in the peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity), the heart, the pericardium (a sac that surrounds the heart) or tunica vaginalis.

Most people who develop mesothelioma have worked on jobs where they inhaled asbestos particles, or they have been exposed to asbestos dust and fiber in other ways. It has also been suggested that washing the clothes of a family member who worked with asbestos can put a person at risk for developing mesothelioma. Unlike lung cancer, there is no association between mesothelioma and smoking, but smoking greatly increases the risk of other asbestos-induced cancers. Compensation via asbestos funds or lawsuits is an important issue in mesothelioma (see asbestos and the law).

The symptoms of mesothelioma include shortness of breath due to pleural effusion (fluid between the lung and the chest wall) or chest wall pain, and general symptoms such as weight loss. The diagnosis may be suspected with chest X-ray and CT scan, and is confirmed with a biopsy (tissue sample) and microscopic examination. A thoracoscopy (inserting a tube with a camera into the chest) can be used to take biopsies. It allows the introduction of substances such as talc to obliterate the pleural space (called pleurodesis), which prevents more fluid from accumulating and pressing on the lung. Despite treatment with chemotherapy, radiation therapy or sometimes surgery, the disease carries a poor prognosis. Research about screening tests for the early detection of mesothelioma is ongoing.

Signs and symptoms

Symptoms or signs of mesothelioma may not appear until 20 to 50 years (or more) after exposure to asbestos. Shortness of breath, cough, and pain in the chest due to an accumulation of fluid in the pleural space (pleural effusion) are often symptoms of pleural mesothelioma.

Symptoms of peritoneal mesothelioma include weight loss and cachexia, abdominal swelling and pain due to ascites (a buildup of fluid in the abdominal cavity). Other symptoms of Peritoneal Mesothelioma may include bowel obstruction, blood clotting abnormalities, anemia, and fever. If the cancer has spread beyond the mesothelium to other parts of the body, symptoms may include pain, trouble swallowing, or swelling of the neck or face.

These symptoms may be caused by mesothelioma or by other, less serious conditions.

Mesothelioma that affects the pleura can cause these signs and symptoms:

* Chest wall pain
* Pleural effusion, or fluid surrounding the lung
* Shortness of breath
* Fatigue or anemia
* Wheezing, hoarseness, or cough
* Blood in the sputum (fluid) coughed up (hemoptysis)

In severe cases, the person may have many tumor masses. The individual may develop a pneumothorax, or collapse of the lung. The disease may metastasize, or spread, to other parts of the body.

Tumors that affect the abdominal cavity often do not cause symptoms until they are at a late stage. Symptoms include:

* Abdominal pain
* Ascites, or an abnormal buildup of fluid in the abdomen
* A mass in the abdomen
* Problems with bowel function
* Weight loss

In severe cases of the disease, the following signs and symptoms may be present:

* Blood clots in the veins, which may cause thrombophlebitis
* Disseminated intravascular coagulation, a disorder causing severe bleeding in many body organs
* Jaundice, or yellowing of the eyes and skin
* Low blood sugar level
* Pleural effusion
* Pulmonary emboli, or blood clots in the arteries of the lungs
* Severe ascites

A mesothelioma does not usually spread to the bone, brain, or adrenal glands. Pleural tumors are usually found only on one side of the lungs.
Read More..